About Baghdad

The city of Baghdad is the capital of Iraq and the center of Baghdad Governorate. It has a population of approximately 7 million people. Baghdad is the largest city in Iraq and the second largest city in the Arab world. It is also considered as a significant economic, administrative and intellectual center in the country.

Dijla River runs through Baghdad and splits it in half with Karkh (the western side) and Risafa (the eastern side). It was constructed during the reign of the Abbasid Caliph, Al-Mansoor from 762 through 764 AD in the sixth decade of the 2nd century, who made it the capital of Abbasid Caliphate and under the Abbasids, Baghdad garnered an outstanding reputation and became the most important scientific center in the world and a place that housed scientists and scholars for centuries.

Baghdad is situated 90 kilometers to the north of ancient Babylon and several kilometers to the northwest of Madaen (Ctesiphon), the capital of Persian Empire and the main center of the country until construction of Baghdad at the beginning of Abbasids time. The importance of the city’s location lies in abundance of water, low risk of floods and so that it underwent a major expansion, gained more power and recently became easily interconnected through bridges across Dijla River. Old Baghdad had several names like AlMadina AlMudawara (round city), Zawraa and Dar Essalam (city of peace).

As regards the capitals of the neighboring countries, to the west, Damascus is situated 750 kilometers, Amman 800 kilometers, Beirut 830 kilometers, AlQuds 875 kilometers and Cairo 1290 kilometers. To the south, Kuwait is situated 545 kilometers and Riyadh 980 kilometers. To the east, Tehran is situated 700 kilometers and to the northwest, Ankara is 1250 kilometers.